Schedule 6: extract from the responsible conduct of research
SCHEDULE 6: EXTRACT FROM THE GUIDE TO MANAGING AND INVESTIGATING POTENTIAL BREACHES OF THE AUSTRALIAN CODE FOR THE RESPONSIBLE CONDUCT OF RESEARCH, 2018
S71. Examples of breaches of the Macquarie Research Code include, but are not limited to, the following:
(a) Not meeting required research standards
- conducting research without ethics approval as required by the National Statement on Ethical Conduct in Human Research and the Australian Code for the Care and Use of Animals for Scientific Purposes;
- failing to conduct research as approved by an appropriate ethics review body;
- conducting research without the requisite approvals, permits or licences;
- misuse of research funds;
- concealment or falsification of breaches (or potential breaches) of the Macquarie Research Code by others.
(b) Fabrication, falsification, misrepresentation
- fabrication of research data or source material;
- falsification of research data or source material;
- misrepresentation of research data or source material;
- falsification and/or misrepresentation to obtain funding.
- plagiarism of someone else’s work, including theories, concepts, research data and source material;
- duplicate publication (also known as redundant or multiple publication, or self-plagiarism) without acknowledgement of the source.
(d) Research data management
- failure to appropriate maintain research records;
- inappropriate destruction of research records, research data and/or source material;
- inappropriate disclosure or, or access to, research records, research data and/or source material.
- failure to provide adequate guidance or mentorship on responsible research conduct to researchers or research trainees under their supervision.
- failure to acknowledge the contributions of others fairly;
- misleading ascription of authorship including failing to offer authorship to those who qualify or awarding authorship to those who do not meet the requirements.
(g) Conflicts of Interest
- failure to disclose and manage conflicts of interest.
(h) Peer Review
- failure to conduct peer review responsibly.
S7.2 Serious Breach of the Macquarie Research Code means a serious breach of the Macquarie Research Code. Factors which determine the seriousness of a breach include, but are not limited to:
(a) the extent of the departure from accepted practice;
(b) the extent to which research participants, the wider community, animals and the environment are, or may have been, affected by the breach;
(c) the extent to which it affects the trustworthiness of the research;
(d) the level of experience of the researcher;
(e) whether there are repeated breaches by the researcher;
(f) whether institutional failures have contributed to the breach;
(g) any other mitigating or aggravating factors.