Quizzes

Quizzes

Quizzes can be an effective means of assessment for your unit. On this page you will learn how to create, edit, and apply unique settings to quizzes using the iLearn system.

Create a basic quiz

The quiz activity allows you to design and build quizzes consisting of a large variety of question types, including multiple choice, true-false, calculated and short answer questions. These questions are kept in the question bank and can be re-used in different quizzes.  Use the help question mark Quiz_basic icon if you want to learn more about anything as you progress through the set up.

To create a quiz:

  1. Click Turn editing on.
  2. Go to the week/topic you wish to add the quiz to.
  3. Click Add an activity or resource and select Quiz.  Scroll down and click Add.
    Quiz_basic
  4. Enter a Name. This will be the identifying name of the link within your week/topic.
  5. Enter a Description describing the quiz and outlining any important instructions.  Click on Quiz_basic  to display full editing tools.
  6. Tick Display description on unit page boxfor the Introduction (entered in step 6) if you would like it to appear below the Quiz link.
  7. Click to expand the Timing heading.
  8. Enter an Opening and closing date/time if applicable by checking the enable checkbox.
  9. Enter a Time limit if applicable.
  10. For When time expires select Open attempts are submitted automatically.
  11. Click to expand the Grade heading.
  12. Assign Attempts allowed from the available options. This will vary depending on the learning outcomes of this activity.
  13. Click to expand the Layout heading.
  14. For New page select Every question.
    Quiz_basic
  15. You may like to consider the Review Options that are set as a default. Review options control what information students can see when they review a quiz attempt or look at the quiz reports - During the attempt, Immediately after the attempt, Later, while the quiz is still open  and After the quiz is closed.
    Quiz_basic
  16. The remaining options can be left as the defaults for setting up a basic quiz. Click Save and display to move to the next step of adding questions.

Question types

Calculated - Create numerical questions by the use of wildcards that are substituted with individual values when the quiz is taken.

Calculated multichoice - Similar to multichoice questions which choice elements can include formula results from numeric values that are selected randomly from a set when the quiz is taken.

Calculated simple - A simpler version of calculated questions which are like numerical questions but with the numbers used selected randomly from a set when the quiz is taken.

Drag and drop into text - Missing words in the question text are filled in using drag and drop.

Drag and drop onto image - Images or text labels are dragged and dropped into drop zones on a background image.

Embedded answers (Cloze) - A passage of text that has various answers embedded within it, including multiple choice, short answers and numerical answers.

Essay - The respondent writes an answer in paragraph or essay format. This must be manually graded.

Matching - A list of sub-questions is provided, along with a list of answers. The respondent must match the correct answers with each question. 

Multiple choice - The respondent chooses from multiple answers in response to a question.

Numerical – Similar to a short-answer question, with the allowance for a continuous range of answers to be set.

Random short-answer matching – Similar to the Matching question with the sub-questions drawn randomly from Short Answer questions in the current category.

Select missing words - Missing words in the question text are filled in using dropdown menus.

Short answer - The respondent types a word or phrase in response to a question.  

True/False - The respondent selects from two options in response to a question: True or False.

Description - This is not a real question. It simply prints some text or graphics without requiring an answer to provide some information to be used by a subsequent group of questions.

Adding questions to a quiz

There are several ways to add questions. Two common methods are to create new questions or to use questions from the question bank.

To create a question:

  1. Click on the link to the quiz.
  2. Go to the Tools block and select Edit quiz.
    Quiz_basic
  3. Click Add and select a new question.
  4. Select question type. An explanation of each type will display when selected.
  5. Click on the Add button.  Complete the question form.
  6. Click Save changes.
  7. Repeat steps 3 to 7 to add more questions.

To add a question from the question bank:

  1. Click on the link to the quiz.
  2. Go to the Tools menu and select Edit quiz.
  3. Click Add and select from question bank.
  4. Select a category from the drop down list. A selection of questions from that category will be listed.
  5. Tick the box for the question/s you wish to add to the quiz and click Add selected questions to the quiz.  You can click on the Preview  icon to review the question details.
    Quiz_basic
  6. After you have added questions to the quiz, they will appear in a list accessible by going to Tools and selecting Edit quiz. The Preview icon Quiz_basic and Edit icon Quiz_basic are next to the questions.  It is advisable to preview each question as a check.
    Quiz_basic

Attention Be aware that editing a question already being used in a quiz via the Question Bank will affect the existing quiz featuring that question.  If you wish to re-use a question but also modify it, we advise that you duplicate the question and edit the new copy.

Use randomised quiz questions

Attention This is an extended quick guide designed to provide further information to assist in the development of the quiz activity. Refer to the Create a basic quiz guide for information on how to set up a basic quiz.

If you don’t want every student to answer the same set of questions in a quiz, you can create a quiz that will include a different random question from a category for each quiz attempt.

For example, you may wish to have students complete 10 questions, selected at random from a category of 50 questions. To do this, you will need to create a category in the Question bank that includes all possible questions for that category and then set the number of random questions you would like students to attempt from that category in the quiz.

This is useful for conducting assessment where each student attempts a different set of questions, or for revision quizzes where you allow students to have multiple attempts with different questions each time.

Attention This guide assumes that you have already created your quiz structure and quiz questions following the Create a basic quiz guide.

To create a question bank category:

  1. Click on the link to the quiz.
  2. Go to the Tools block.
  3. Select Question bank then select Categories.
    Quiz_random
  4. Scroll down the page to find Add category.
  5. Select Top for Parent Category.
  6. Enter a Name for your category. In this example, the category will be called Tutorial quiz questions.
  7. Click Add category.
     Quiz_random
  8. Go to the Tools block and select Question bank then select Questions.
  9. Tick the boxes for the questions you would like to include in this category.
  10. At the bottom of the page select the name of the category you just created (e.g. Tutorial quiz questions) from the dropdown menu and click Move to. You have now set up a category in your Question bank and added your selected questions to it.
    Quiz_random

To add a random question set to your quiz:

  1. Go to the Tools block and select Edit quiz.
  2. Click on Add and select a random question.
    Quiz_random
  3. Select a category of questions you would like the random questions to be drawn from.
  4. Assign the number of random questions from that category you would like to include in each quiz attempt.
  5. Click Add random question to add the random questions to the quiz.
    Quiz_random

Import a quiz activity

It is possible to share quiz activities set up in other units by simply exporting the quiz and importing it back into your unit. This Quick Guide will provide you with instructions to complete this.

Attention You will need to set up a new quiz activity to import the exported quiz activity to. Refer to the Create a basic quiz quick guide for information on how to set up a quiz activity.

You will import and export categories from the question bank for this process, so make sure you have already set up a category containing the questions you would like to export by following this Use randomised quiz questions quick guide.

Step 1 Exporting the quiz:

  1. Go to the Tools block and select Question bank.
  2. Click Export.
    Quiz_import
  3. Select Moodle XML format.
  4. Assign an Export category from the available options using the dropdown menu. Make sure you have created your category beforehand.
  5. Click on the Export quiz questions button. You will be prompted to open or save the file. Save file to your Desktop. You will need to repeat this process if you have multiple categories.
    Quiz_import
  6. Click Continue.
    Quiz_import

Step 2 Importing the exported quiz

  1. Go to the Tools block and select Question bank.
  2. Click Import.
    Quiz_import
  3. Select Moodle XML format.
  4. Click on the General heading to expand it and select Import category using the dropdown menu.
    Quiz_import 
    Quiz_import
  5. Click Choose a file…
  6. Click Upload a file then click Browse…
  7. Find the file you wish to import then click Upload this file.
  8. Click Import. The quiz questions contained in the file imported will display on screen.
  9. Click Continue.

Step 3 Adding questions

  1. Click on the link to the quiz you set up then click Edit quiz to add the questions.
  2. Click on Add and select from question bank.
  3. Select a category from the drop down list.  A selection of questions from the category will be listed.
  4. Tick the box for the question/s you wish to add to the quiz and click Add selected questions to the quiz.
  5. The imported questions will have been added to the quiz.

Regrade quiz attempts

It is possible to Regrade quiz attempts if questions have been altered after students have taken the quiz. For example, you may realise after the quiz that a question was set with the wrong answer and you would like to regrade the quiz so that students are awarded the correct grade. 

Attention When a quiz question is altered:

  • All instances of that question will be altered. I.e. If the question is used in another quiz in your unit it will also be altered.
  • Students will not be notified of the changes.

To regrade a quiz attempt:

You will first need to edit the quiz question that needs changing. 

  1. Click on the link to the quiz.
  2. Go to the Tools block and select Edit quiz.
    Quiz_regrade
  3. Click on the Edit icon for the question you wish to edit.  Quiz_regrade

    Quiz_regrade
  4. Make your changes to the question.
  5. Click Save changes.  You can now go and regrade the quiz attempts.
  6. Click on the link to Attempts.
  7. For Show only attempts tick the option that have been regraded / are marked as needing regrading. This will give you a colour-coded breakdown of each student’s answers in a list below. You will see the question you have just edited is still marked incorrectly for students.
    Quiz_regrade
  8. Click Dry run a full regrade to see what needs regrading and click on continue when prompted. Questions to be regraded will be marked with the word ‘Needed’ and you will see the old mark crossed out with the correct mark underneath. 
  9. Click Regrade attempts marked as needing regrading. This will make changes only to the attempts marked as ‘Needed’, with the word ‘Done’.  The marker will still be able to see where changes have been made. Students will see their amended mark in the Quiz and Gradebook.
    Quiz_regrade
  10. Click Regrade all to regrade all attempts in the quiz. There will be no indication of where the changes have been made. Students will see their amended mark in the Quiz and Gradebook.
     Quiz_regrade
  11. To regrade a particular student’s attempt, tick the box next to a student’s name and click Regrade selected attempts.
  12. To delete a particular student’s attempt, tick the box next to a student’s name and click Delete selected attempts.

Use embedded answers (cloze) quiz questions

Embedded answer (cloze) questions consist of a passage of text that has various answers embedded within it, including multiple choice, short answers and numerical answers.

To create a question:

  1. Click on the link to the quiz.
  2. Go to the Tools block and select Edit quiz.

    Quiz_embedded
  3. Click Add and select a new question.

    Quiz_embedded 
  4. Select Embedded answers (cloze).
  5. Click on the Add button.

    Quiz_embedded 
  6. Enter a Question name and Question text.

    Quiz_embedded 
  7. Click Decode and verify the question text to check what you have entered. Click on the Question link to open and the review Questions.

    Quiz_embedded 
    Quiz_embedded 
    Quiz_embedded 
  8. Click Save changes.

The table below displays the code that is required to create a cloze question.

{

Marks the start of the cloze question.

1

Defines the mark for the cloze question. This is optional and used for calculation of question grading.

:

Enclose the type of cloze question with “:”

~

Separates answer options

%100%

Defines the correct answer.

*

A wildcard, e.g. when added after %0% means that everything not %100% is marked wrong and will receive the feedback message you set after the #

#

Marks the beginning of the (optional) feedback message.

}

Marks the end of the cloze question.

Quiz for Summative Assessment

Summative assessment provides a measure and record of student learning, generally in the form of a grade that contributes to their final total for a unit.  The MQ Assessment Policy specifies that online quizzes may be used as part of a unit’s assessment schedule.  However, we recommend that online quizzes should only be work a small amount of students’ final grades.

Why use a quiz for summative assessment?

  • Wide range of question types available.
  • Inter-scorer reliability – Quizzes are auto-marked ensuring objectivity.
  • Speed of marking – Results are available immediately without requiring manual staff handling.
  • Flexible provision of feedback – Feedback may be provided both for individual questions (i.e. correct and incorrect), and the overall test.
  • Reports – Each question can be analysed using an auto-generated report.
  • Re-usable questions – A question bank can be built up with items added and removed.  This also enables randomisation of questions.

Things to consider when using a quiz for summative assessment

  • Using the University’s wireless network – Whilst the University’s wireless network provides a good service to selected areas of the campus, you should note the inherent limitations and any impact that may be experienced when relying on wireless for assessable tasks such as quizzes.
  • Test your exam – Before issuing an exam to students you should check it thoroughly and ask someone from your discipline to run through it to provide feedback.  If using multiple choice questions, double-check the answers.  Ensure distracters (wrong answers) are not to obvious.
  • Timed assessments may need to have more time allocated to allow time for page loading.
  • It may be worthwhile opening the quiz for a few hours (but only allowing ‘x’ amount of time to complete the quiz), to alleviate the demand placed on the system (e.g. few hundred students accessing the quiz at the same time).
  • It could also be of benefit to give students a trial quiz, so they become familiar with the system.

To set up a quiz for summative feedback:

Follow the Create a basic quiz quick guide to set up a basic quiz and then apply the following recommended settings:

  1. Click to expand the Timing heading and tick Enable for both Open the quiz and Close the quiz.
  2. Tick Enable for Time limit and allocate the time allowed for the quiz.  Consider allowing an extra 5-10 minutes for page loading.
  3. Select Open attempts are submitted automatically for When time expires...
  4. Tick Enable for Submission grace period if required and allocate the extra time allowed for the quiz. This option will only work if When time expires is set to There is a grace period when open attempts can be submitted, but no more questions answered.
    Quiz_summative
  5. Click to expand the Grade heading and assign Grade category from the available options.
  6. Assign the number of Attempts allowed for the quiz from the available options.  For a summative quiz, you should allow only one attempt.
  7. If you select one attempt, you will not need to assign a Grading method.  This section will be greyed out.
  8. Click to expand the Layout heading and assign the number of questions to appear per page for New page.  We strongly recommend one question per page, unless you have a few questions that relate to a provided stimulus material.
  9. Click to expand the Question behaviour heading and select Yes for Shuffle within questions to enable parts within a question (e.g. multiple choice options) to shuffle each time a student takes the quiz.  If you enable shuffle, you might need to change answers such as ‘all of the above’ to ‘all options’.
  10. Select Deferred feedback for How questions behave.  This is the best option for an assessment where you don’t want students to see any feedback during the quiz.
    Quiz_summative
  11. Click to expand the Review options heading.  Under the Review options section, tick the options as shown in the image to allow students to see their grade immediately after they have completed the quiz.  Un-tick Marks under the Immediately after the attempt column, to allow students to see their grade only after the quiz has closed.
    Quiz_summative
  12. Consider accessibility options for after the quiz has closed and set accordingly:
    • Do you want students to be able to see their attempts?
    • Do you want students to see whether they had answers correctly?
    • Do you want to give specific feedback for each question?
    • Do you want to give general feedback?
    • Do you want to display the correct answer?
    • Do you want to give overall feedback?
  13. Click Save and display.
  14. Select Tools and Edit quiz.
  15. Click Shuffle at the top of the list of questionsto enable questions to appear in a different order for each student.
    Quiz_summative

Quiz with restricted access through a password

The password feature is an optional field in your quiz setup.  It is another way to control student access to a quiz.  If used, students will need to enter the password to access the quiz.

If you are running the quiz as an on-site assessment e.g. during a face-to-face tutorial, a password can be provided to the group at the start of the class.  After the assessment finishes you can easily change the password so students can no longer access it. The password may be changed multiple times if you need to administer the same quiz for different student groups.

Why use a quiz with restricted access through a password?

  • Students can only access the quiz when they are provided the password and it can be easily changed through the quiz settings after the assessment ends.
  • Easy way to limit quiz access without using the quiz user/group override features.
  • Generally adds another layer of security, which is handy for assessed quizzes or other quizzes where access needs to be restricted.
  • A safer and more reliable option for restricting access to quizzes, rather than restricting access by IP address.

When not to use a quiz with restricted access through a password:

  • If an assessed quiz is not being conducted face-to-face in the one location, the password can be easily shared.
  • For quizzes designed to assist students in self-testing.
  • Quizzes where restricting students access is not necessary.

To set up a quiz with restricted access through a password:

Follow the Create a basic quiz quick guide to set up a basic quiz and then apply the following recommended settings:

  1. Click to expand the Timing heading then tick Enable for Open the quiz and Close the Quiz if you wish to have the quiz available to students between specific dates and times.  If you want students to access their feedback and grade after the quiz closes you will need to set a close date.
  2. Tick Enable for Time limit and allocate the time allowed for the quiz.  Consider allowing an extra 5-10 minutes for page loading.  See step 6 for further information on this setting.
  3. Select Open attempts are submitted automatically for When time expires.
  4. Click to expand the Grade heading and assign the number of Attempts allowed (for the quiz) from the available options.  For an assessed quiz you might only allow 1 attempt.  There may be times when you set a close date and allow multiple attempts before the quiz closes.
  5. If more than 1 attempt is permitted, assign a Grading method from the available options.
    Quiz_restrict
  6. Click to expand the Layout heading and assign the number of questions to appear per page for New page.  If you select Every question, students will see a Check button after each question which saves each response as they go.  By selecting this options, you should take into account the time it will take for each page to load when considering the number of questions and time limit for the quiz (see point 2)
  7. Click to expand the Question behaviour heading and select Yes for Shuffle within questions to  enable parts within a question (e.g. multiple choice options) to shuffle each time a student takes the quiz.  If you enable shuffle, you might need to change answers such as ‘all of the above’ to ‘all options’.
  8. Select Deferred feedback for How questions behave.  Students will need to enter a response to each question and submit the entire quiz before anything is graded or they receive any feedback.
    Quiz_restrict
  9. Click to expand the Review Options heading and un-tick all options except for the options under the After the quiz is closed column.  This prevents students from seeing their grade and feedback until the quiz has closed.  You must set a close date for the quiz, otherwise the feedback and grade will not become available to students (see point 1 above).  If you would like to control the date and time you provide the quiz feedback uncheck all the boxes.  You can always come back and check the After the quiz is closed boxes when you are ready.
    Quiz_restrict
  10. Click to expand the Extra restrictions on attempts heading and enter a password in the Require password field.  Tick Unmask to see what you are typing.  If you leave this box un-ticked, the password that you type will appear as ******** which makes it difficult to see whether you have entered it correctly.  Students who click on the link will see a message saying ‘To attempt this quiz you need to know the quiz password’ with the password field displayed underneath.
    Quiz_restrict 
    Attention To change the quiz password after a quiz has run, click Turn editing on, click on the quiz link, then click on the Edit icon.  Scroll down to Extra restrictions on attempts and change the Require password field to another password.
  11. Click Save and display.
  12. Select Tools and Edit Quiz.
  13. Tick Shuffle to enable questions to appear in a different order for each student.

Quiz settings (deferred feedback quizzes) and the student view in Gradebook

If you set a quiz close date and leave the options, under the After the quiz is closed column ticked, students can see their grade in Gradebook when the quiz closes.  You can delay this. Go to the Tools block and select Grades then click Turn editing on.  Click on the Opened eye icon Quiz_restrict to hide the quiz column.

If you don’t set a quiz closed date, students won’t be able to see their grade in Gradebook, even if you leave the options, under the After the quiz is closed column ticked.  To make grades available go to the Tools block and select Grades then click Turn editing on.  Click on the Closed eye icon to show the quiz column.

If you set a quiz close date and leave all review options un-ticked under the After the quiz is closed column, students can see their grade in Gradebook when the quiz closes.  You can delay this. Go to the Tools block and select Grades then click Turn editing on.  Click on the Opened eye icon Quiz_restrict to hide the quiz column.

If you don’t set a quiz close date and leave all options un-ticked, students won’t be able to see their grade in Gradebook.  To make grades available go to the Tools block and select Grades then click Turn editing on.  Click on the Closed eye icon Quiz_restrict to show the quiz column.

Attention Refer to the Hide and show grades to Students quick guide for guidelines on how to manage visibility of student grades.

Release a quiz to a group in a different time zone

Quizzes in iLearn can be set up for selective release to different groups of students. You may wish to selectively release a quiz to a group of students around the globe and ensure they take the quiz at their local time rather than your local time. To do this you would use the Group Overrides quiz release feature.

To set up a quiz for selective release to a group:

Follow the Create a basic quiz quick guide to set up a basic quiz and also the Groups quick guide to set up your time zone groups and then apply the following recommended settings:

  1. Click on the link to the quiz you would like to selectively release.
  2. Go to the Tools block and select Group overrides.
    Quiz_timezone
  3. Click on the Add group override button.
  4. Select the group you wish to apply override settings to for Override group.
  5. Tick Enable for Open the quiz and Close the quiz and select relevant times for that time zone. You will need to manually work this out. You may like to use this convertor on the web.
  6. Assign a Time limit for the quiz if applicable.
  7. Assign the number of Attempts allowed (for the quiz) from the available options.
  8. Click Save if you only have one group time zone to set up, or Save and enter another override to continue adding others.
    Quiz_timezone
  9. Once you have finished adding your time zone releases, an overall list of the group override settings for the quiz will be displayed. You can use the action buttons to Edit, Copy or Delete these settings.
    Quiz_timezone

Attention Refer to the Gradebook - Hide and show grades to students quick guide for guidelines on how to manage visibility of student grades.

Run the same quiz with different tutorial classes

You may wish to have students from different tutorial classes complete the same quiz during their tutorial class. To minimize the affects of students sharing quiz information, you can limit access to the quiz according to groups. You can also use these settings in any situation where you have multiple groups of students that you want to manually give and take away access to the quiz at certain times.

To set up a quiz for different tutorial classes:

  1. Follow the Groups Quick Guide to setup a separate Group and Grouping for each of your tutorial groups.
    Quiz_tutorial
  2. Follow the Create a basic quiz quick guide to set up a basic quiz, and then apply the following recommended settings:
  3. Click to expand the Layout heading and select Every question for New page to place each question on a separate page.
  4. Click on Show more.  Select Free for Navigation method. This will allow students to navigate through the questions easily and allows them to navigate back if they want to come back to a previous question.
  5. Click to expand the Question behavior heading and select Yes for Shuffle within questions to enable parts within a question (e.g. multiple choice options) to shuffle each time a student takes the quiz. If you enable shuffle, you might need to change answers such as ‘all of the above’ to ‘all options’.
    Quiz_tutorial
  6. Click to expand the Common module settings heading and select the Group mode.  Separate groups mean each group member can only see their own group, others are invisible.  Visible groups mean each group member works in their own group, but can also see other groups.
  7. Select the Grouping that is to access the quiz. Students will have immediate access, so you will need to complete this process just before the tutorial starts.  You will need to come back here each time you want to open/close access to the quiz for each tutorial class.
  8. Click Add group/grouping access restriction.  If you click on the Restrict access header you will see the access restriction has automatically been added.
  9. Click Save and display.
    Quiz_tutorial
  10. To close access, go back to the Common module settings section and select Hide. This means that no students will be able to access the quiz.
    Quiz_tutorial
  11. To make the quiz available to another group, go back to the Common module settings section and select the next Grouping that you would like to access the quiz and select Show.
  12. Click Save and display.

    Attention You may also like to set the quiz to generate a random set of questions for each student, so not everyone will see exactly the same questions. Follow the Create a quiz with a random set of questions quick guide for instructions to create a quiz with a random set of questions.

Special consideration or conditions for a particular student

A student may not be able to complete a quiz before it has closed for a legitimate reason such as illness or a technical issue (e.g. Internet connection failure or browser crash). Depending on the circumstance, you may wish to allow for an extension or an additional attempt. You can give a particular student or group, special consideration in a quiz using Quiz Overrides.

To release the quiz to an indivual student:

  1. Click on the link to the quiz.
  2. Go to the Tools block and select User Overrides.
    Quiz_special
  3. Click on the Add User Override button.
  4. Select the required student.
  5. Enter a Password (optional).
  6. Tick Enable for both Open the quiz and Close the quiz and select the required dates for extension.
  7. Tick Enable for Time limit and allocate the time allowedfor the quiz. Consider allowing an extra 5-10 minutes for page loading.
  8. Assign the number of Attempts allowed (for the quiz) from the available options.
  9. Click Save.
    Quiz_special
  10. The student’s name will appear along with quiz override settings. You can use the action buttons to Edit, Copy or Delete these settings.
    Quiz_special

Extended quiz options

  1. Click Turn editing on.
  2. Click on Edit and select Quiz_additional Edit Settings. Use settings to set up rules for access and grading of the quiz.
  3. Click to expand the Timing heading.
    • Set the first and last day for attempting the quiz by updating the Open the quiz and Close the quiz fields by checking the Enable field.
    • Set a time limit by updating the Time limit field by checking the Enable field. If enabled, a floating timer window is shown with a countdown.
    • When time expires determines how the quiz behaves if you have enabled a close date. If students are in the middle of the quiz when it closes, or have completed all the questions but forgotten to submit, you can choose Open attempts are submitted automatically and the system will mark what they have done so far and provide a grade.
    • Submission grace period applies whena grace period has been set for the previous setting, When time expires. This allows you to remind students who have taken the quiz to click the Submit button if they have forgotten, but they cannot edit their responses.
  4. Click to expand the Grade heading.
    • Assign your quiz to a Grade category from the drop down menu if you have already created a Category for your quiz in the Gradebook.
    • Set how many attempts you wish to allow students to have on the quiz by updating the Attempts allowed field. This will vary depending on the learning outcomes of this activity. For example, if the quiz was to be used as exam revision, you could allow unlimited attempts.
    • When multiple attempts are allowed, a grading method should be selected by updating the Grading method field.

      Quiz_additional 
  5. Click to expand the Layout heading.  Use these settings to organise the layout of the quiz.
    • For New page, select Every question so the system saves student responses as they move through the quiz.
    • Click Show more… and set the Navigation method. Free ensures that students can work through the questions in any order they choose whereas Sequential means students must work through the questions in the given order and cannot return to previous pages or skip forward.
  6. Click to expand the Question behaviour heading.  Use settings in the Question behaviour section to enable shuffling or adapting.
    • Shuffling can be enabled by updating the Shuffle within questions field. If enabled, the parts making up each question will be randomly shuffled each time a student attempts the quiz, provided the option is also enabled in the question settings. This setting only applies to questions that have multiple parts, such as multiple choice or matching questions.
    • Choose your setting for the How questions behave field. If adaptive mode (with/without penalties) is enabled, multiple responses to a question are allowed within the same attempt at the quiz. For example, if a response is marked as incorrect, the student will be allowed to try again immediately.  If deferred feedback is chosen, students should only receive feedback on their attempt after they submit and/or after the quiz is closed.  Click on the icon for a description of each of the options available to select.
    • Click Show more… and select Yes for Each attempt builds on the last to allow students to see the results of their previous attempts during subsequent attempts. Otherwise simply choose No.
      Quiz_additional 
  7. Click to expand the Review options heading.  Use settings in the Review options section to control what kind of results and feedback students receive, and when.
    • Immediately after the attempt means they can see results/feedback as soon as they finish the quiz - within the first two minutes.
    • Later, while the quiz is still open means they can see their results/feedback 2 minutes has passed after the student hits the Submit button for the quiz.
    • After the quiz is closed means that students can see their results/feedback once the quiz close date and time pass.  Note that there must be a close date set for the quiz, or students cannot see their results/feedback, even if this column is ticked. 
  8. Click to expand the Appearance heading.  Use settings in the Appearance section to:
    • Choose to display the student’s profile picture by updating the Show the user’s picture field. For example, if you have many students and you are not sure of their names it can help you remember them.
    • Choose to use decimal places for marking the quiz by updating the Decimal places in question grades field. Generally, it is left as Same as for overall grades to ensure consistency.
    • Click Show more… to choose whether or not the blocks that appear on the right hand side of your main iLearn page are also displayed during the quiz.
  9. Click to expand the Extra restrictions on attempts heading.  Use settings in the Extra restrictions on attempts section to specify a password (if necessary) and time between attempts can be applied by updating the four fields presented.
    • Click Show more… and leave Browser security set to the default setting None.
      Quiz_additional 
  10. Click to expand the Overall feedback heading.
    • Use settings in the Overall feedback section to add descriptions for each grade interval (e.g. HD, D, C, P & F). The overall feedback is shown after a quiz has been attempted. While this can take a few minutes to establish it provides targeted feedback for students.
      Quiz_additional 
  11. Click to expand the Common module settings.  Use settings in the Common module settings section to assign a quiz to a particular group by updating the Group mode field. Generally, it is left as no groups unless you wish to target a particular cohort (e.g. external students). Options available are:
    • No groups - There are no sub groups, everyone is part of one big community
    • Separate groups - Each group member can only see their own group, others are invisible
    • Visible groups - Each group member works in their own group, but can also see other groups
      Quiz_additional 
  12. Click to expand the Restrict access heading.  Use settings in the Restrict access section to assign specific restrictions.  Click Add restriction and choose from the list given.
    • Date prevents access until (or from) a specified timeframe in which the link appears on the main page or iLearn.
    • Grade requires students to achieve a specified grade to meet a required condition (such as having achieved 80% for Quiz 1 before Quiz 2 can be attempted or Assignment 3 has been marked complete etc.) that must be satisfied to attempt the quiz.
    • Group allows only students who belong to a specific group to all groups to attempt the quiz.
    • Grouping allows only students who belong to a specific group within a specified grouping to attempt the quiz.
    • User profile controls access based on fields within the student’s profile.
    • Restriction Setadds a set of nested restrictions to apply complex logic.
  13. Click Save and return to unit or Save and display to view.

Other Quiz features

Orderings Questions

  1. Click Edit quiz and click on Repaginate and select the number of questions per page and click Go.
  2. Click on Shuffle to change the order of questions in this section every time the quiz is attempted by shuffling the questions into a different random order.
    Quiz_additional 

To edit the quiz after the quiz has been attempted:

If one or more students have taken the quiz, you will see a list of all the questions in the quiz and a notice message at the top of the page saying that you cannot add or remove questions because this quiz has been attempted. You can move questions in a different order, re-grade questions, preview an individual question and click on a question edit link that will allow you to directly edit the question stored in the question bank.

TIP: You can delete all quiz attempts by students and then edit the quiz as if no students had attempted it. To do this, select the Attempts link. This will present a list of students and their scores. Use the check box on the left of each student and the “delete selected attempts” button.

Quiz_additional

Assigning points per question

By default the quiz will do the math. For example, if the quiz is worth 10 points and there are 5 questions – each question will automatically be assigned 2 points. You can change how much a question is worth by changing the number in the default mark field and then clicking on save.

Tip: Each Save button is independent of others. Thus if you change a grade and click on the Save button, only the grade for that question will be saved. Your other changes will revert to what they were before. Best practice is to change the grade and save one question at a time.

Recommendations to achieve the best performance from an iLearn quiz

Browser

Design and Layout

  • One question per page (or a few at most) as:
    • students can click Save and next to save their answers as they move through the quiz,
    • more than 1 question per page increases the risk of students losing their answers,
    • if you have a stimulus source you may need to repeat it at intervals.
  • Set questions to shuffle randomly, and/or to shuffle options within questions if you are worried about students saving questions or copying answers. Refer to the Additional quiz settings quick guide for further instruction.
  • Use mp3 files for audio and m4v files for video as these are the most accessible.
  • Avoid using the quiz tool for long essay questions – risk of screen timing out and answer in progress being lost.

Settings

  • Don't allocate a short window of quiz availability. If you have a large cohort of students this increases the chance of overloading the system and crashing or freezing the quiz.
  • Have browser security set to none. This eliminates issues with not being able to scroll down the page and not affecting the number of attempts.
  • Short answer questions which include underscores in the question text (4 or more in a row) will force embed the text field into the question.
  • Check that the quiz total adds up to the total of the marks allocated to quiz questions.
  • If you change your quiz from manual grading to auto grade after some attempts have already been made, you will need to manually mark the attempts that have already occurred.
  • If you alter a quiz question:
  • all instances of that question will be altered. I.e. if the question is used in another quiz in your unit it will also be altered. New to quizzes: If you create your questions from within a quiz then the questions will live in a new default category that is unique to that quiz.
  • students will not be notified of the changes. If the quiz has already been taken by students it will not automatically update the grades. You will find the Regrade buttons when viewing the attempts.

Good Practice

  • Set up a practise quiz for students to take before an assessable quiz so students can familiarise with navigation and operations of a quiz in iLearn.
  • Give students clear instructions on how to undertake the quiz. See sample instructions.

Before you set up your quiz, be clear about how you want the quiz to behave. Quizzes are a powerful tool with many options so it is important to be clear from the outset what you want to do with your quiz.
For example:

  • is it for formative or summative assessment?
  • should the students be able to see feedback while they are taking the quiz, after it or not at all?
  • do you want the answers to be shuffled within questions (e.g. multiple choice)?
  • when do you want students to see their marks?
  • Test your quiz BEFORE students sit it.

Instructions

Generic instructions:

  • Firefox is the recommended browser to use (please update your browser regularly).
  • Do not use the browser Back or Forward buttons whilst in the quiz.
  • Once you begin your quiz attempt you will see the timer begin in the top right corner.
  • Please use the Save and next button at base of screen to save and move to the next page of questions. Clicking Save and next on the final page will take you to a Summary screen which indicates the questions you have answered. If you have missed any questions you can click on these to return to the quiz. Click Save and review to return to the summary screen. When you are happy that all questions have been answered please click the Submit all and finish button at the base of the Summary Screen.
  • (Note: if you need to leave the quiz during the attempt you can log back in and resume provided there is time remaining on the timer. The timer countdown is not paused when you leave the quiz)

Specific instructions:

  • This quiz has a combination of xx short answer and multiple-choice questions. You have 30 minutes to complete the quiz once you click on Attempt quiz now.
  • It is worth xx% of your overall grade for this unit.
  • You will be able to view your marks for this quiz after the quiz has closed (i.e. 27th August, 5pm).
  • Return to the quiz and you will see your marks.

Quizzes with different feedback options

Listed below outlines different settings to create quizzes that provide feedback to students.

These styles of quizzes are suited to self-tests, introductory quizzes to stimulate thinking as a lead-in to subject matter, or for review of content. The aim is to display feedback and/or a correct answer to students after they answer each question during a quiz attempt.

Here are some Question Behaviour settings to choose from that all provide feedback during quiz attempts but behave slightly differently.

Formative feedback

The MQ Assessment Policy recommends the use of an early diagnostic task (assessed or not) to provide students with feedback on their progress within the first third of the study period. Quizzes are an effective way of providing students with formative feedback. You can set up the quiz to allow students multiple or unlimited attempts so they can self-test and revise content.

Quiz question types such as multiple choice, true/false, and matching are automatically marked. You can also pre-populate comments to give students instant feedback depending on their answers.

An example of a quiz question with feedback given for the correct answer:

Quiz_formative

An example of a quiz question with feedback given for an incorrect answer, including why the answer they selected was incorrect:

Quiz_formative

Why use a quiz for formative feedback?

  • Students can self-test understanding of fundamental concepts.
  • Students can get a look and feel for upcoming exams.
  • Students can gauge their own exam readiness.
  • Staff can receive feedback on how their class is tracking.
  • Staff can save marking time.

When not to use a quiz for formative feedback?

  • Questions that require students to write answers freely. These must be manually marked which is time consuming in a quiz. Assignment or Turnitin is recommended instead.
  • When assessing higher order skills such as analysis and application.

Follow the Create a basic quiz quick guide to set up a basic quiz and then apply the following recommended settings:

  1. Under the Timing section, tick Enable for both Open the quiz and Close the quiz if you wish to have the quiz available to students between specific dates. Otherwise, leave this section greyed out.
  2. Tick Enable and assign a Time Limit for the quiz if it is assessed. If it is for revision purposes you can leave this greyed out.
  3. If you are using a time limit, select Open attempts are submitted automatically for When time expires.
  4. Tick Enable for Submission grace period if you allowed a grace period in step 3, and allocate the extra time allowed.
    Quiz_formative
  5. Under the Layout section, select Shuffled randomly for Question order to enable questions to appear in a different order for each student.
  6. Select Every question for New Page.
  7. Click Show more… and select Free for Navigation method.
  8. Under the Question behavior section, select Yes for Shuffle within questions to enable parts within a question (e.g. multiple choice options) to shuffle in each attempt. If you enable shuffle, you might need to change answers such as ‘all of the above’ to ‘all options’.
  9. Select Adaptive mode for How questions behave to allow students to submit each question individually during the attempt. With this option, students will be able to improve their answer, for a reduced grade. Select Adaptive mode (no penalties) if you do not wish for students to be penalised for multiple attempts at a question.
  10. Click Show more… and select Yes for Each attempt builds on the last to allow students to see the results of their previous attempts during subsequent attempts.
  11. Under the Question behavior section, select Yes for Shuffle within questions to enable parts within a question (e.g. multiple choice options) to shuffle in each attempt. If you enable shuffle, you might need to change answers such as ‘all of the above’ to ‘all options’.
  12. Select Adaptive mode for How questions behave to allow students to submit each question individually during the attempt. With this option, students will be able to improve their answer, for a reduced grade. Select Adaptive mode (no penalties) if you do not wish for students to be penalised for multiple attempts at a question.
  13. Click Show more… and select Yes for Each attempt builds on the last to allow students to see the results of their previous attempts during subsequent attempts.
    Quiz_formative
  14. Under the Review options section, leave all options ticked so that students can view feedback at any time during or after their attempts.
     Quiz_formative

    Quiz_formative
  15.  You can give Overall feedback to students upon completion of each attempt, depending on their result. To set up overall feedback:
    • Enter your first Grade boundary e.g. 75%. This means that students who receive between 100% and 75% will see the comment you enter in the first text box.
    • Enter your feedback comment in the first text box for attempts that receive between 100% and the first grade boundary 75%.
    • Continue to enter grade boundaries and comments below in this way.
      Quiz_formative

Interactive with multiple tries

This quiz option will display a Check button below each question. When students answer the question and click Check they see feedback information and may attempt the question again as set by the convenor. They then get a Try again button and can attempt the question as many times as there are hints after that.

To set up a quiz with interactive settings:

Follow the Create a basic quizquick guide to set up a basic quiz and then apply the following recommended settings:

  1. Under the Question behavior section, select Interactive with multiple tries for How questions behave.
    Quiz_feedback
  2. Under the Review options section for During the attempt tick the settings as required.  These options are:
    • Whether correct – doesn’t work in this mode unless you also tick Marks.
    • Marks – displays numerical mark for each question.
    • Specific feedback - displays feedback for answers as set when adding question to quiz.
    • General feedback - displays feedback for the whole question as set when adding question to quiz. You can use this to give students some background as to what knowledge the question was testing.
    • Right answer - displays the correct answer regardless of whether the student answered correctly or not.
  3. For example, you want students to see whether they got the question correct, your specific feedback and the right answer at the end.

    Quiz_feedback 

  4. Click Save and Display.
  5. Click Edit quiz to add your questions and hints.
    To allow multiple tries you need to add Hints in each question setup. The number of tries equals the number of hints, plus one. Adding hints will then display the Try Again button. Also, within the question setup you can choose to set a penalty or not. For this example, no penalties have been set and two hints have been added. This means that students would have a total of three tries for this question.
    Quiz_feedback 

A student would then see something like the following.

If the first answer is correct
then the Try Again button will not display.

If the first answer is incorrect it displays the first hint and Try Again button.

If the second answer is incorrect it displays the second hint and Try Again button.

If the third answer is incorrect  there are no more hints so no Try Again button is displayed. Attempts at the question have ended and the correct answer has been set to display now.

Other review options:

You can also activate any of the other Review options as required:

  • Immediately after the attempt means within two minutes of the student clicking Submit all and Finish.
  • Later, while the quiz is still open means after two minutes, but before the close date (if the quiz does not have a close date, this phase never ends).
  • After the quiz is closed means what it says (you never get here for quizzes without a close date).

    Quiz_feedback
    Attention Checking any of the boxes in the Review options section will reveal the quiz to the student. For example, to allow students to see their quiz immediately after taking it but not afterwards, make sure none of the boxes under Later or After are checked. The student will be able to see their grade but not get back into the quiz.

Immediate feedback

This quiz option will display a Check button below each question. When students answer the question and click Check they see feedback information as set by the convenor but cannot try again.

To set up a quiz with immediate feedback settings:

Follow the Create a basic quizquick guide to set up a basic quiz and then apply the following recommended settings:

  1. Under the Question behavior section, select Immediate feedback for How questions behave.
    Quiz_feedback
  2. Under the Review options section for During the attempt tick the settings as required. For example, you want students to see whether they got the question correct, your specific feedback and the right answer at the end.  These options are:
    • Whether correct – doesn’t work in this mode unless you also tick Marks.
    • Marks – displays numerical mark for each question.
    • Specific feedback - displays feedback for answers as set when adding question to quiz.
    • General feedback - displays feedback for the whole question as set when adding question to quiz. You can use this to give students some background as to what knowledge the question was testing.
    • Right answer - displays the correct answer regardless of whether the student answered correctly or not.
      Quiz_feedback

A student would then see one of the following after clicking the Checkbutton depending if they were right or wrong.

Quiz_feedback Quiz_feedback
Other review options:

You can also activate any of the other Review options as required:

  • Immediately after the attempt means within two minutes of the student clicking Submit all and Finish.
  • Later, while the quiz is still open means after two minutes, but before the close date (if the quiz does not have a close date, this phase never ends).
  • After the quiz is closed means what it says (you never get here for quizzes without a close date).
    Quiz_feedback
    Quiz_feedback

Attention Checking any of the boxes in the Review options section will reveal the quiz to the student. For example, to allow students to see their quiz immediately after taking it but not afterwards, make sure none of the boxes under Later or After are checked. The student will be able to see their grade but not get back into the quiz.

Adaptive

This quiz option will display a Check button below each question. When students answer the question and click Checkthey see feedback information as set by the convenor. You can allow students multiple tries at questions with or without a penalty for incorrect answers.

To set up a quiz with adaptive settings:

Follow the Create a basic quiz quick guide to set up a basic quiz and then apply the following recommended settings:

  1. Under the Question behavior section, select Adaptive Mode for How questions behave.
    Quiz_feedback 
  2. There are two Adaptive Mode settings:

    Adaptive mode: The student can submit each question individually during the attempt and, if they are wrong, try to improve their answer, although for a reduced grade, within that quiz attempt. The penalty amounts are set within each question.

    Adaptive mode (no penalties): The same as Adaptive mode, but with no penalty for additional attempts.

  3. Under the Review options section for During the attempt tick the settings as required.  The options are:
    • Whether correct – doesn’t work in this mode unless you also tick Marks.
    • Marks – displays numerical mark for each question.
    • Specific feedback - displays feedback for answers as set when adding question to quiz.
    • General feedback - displays feedback for the whole question as set when adding question to quiz. You can use this to give students some background as to what knowledge the question was testing.
    • Right answer - displays the correct answer regardless of whether the student answered correctly or not.
    • For example, you want students to see whether they got the question correct, your specific feedback and the right answer at the end.
      Quiz_feedback 

  4. Click Save and Display.
  5. Click Edit quiz to add your questions and set penalties for incorrect answers if you wish. This is done in the settings for each individual question under Multiple tries. To add/edit questions in a quiz refer to the Create a basic quiz quick guide.

For the purpose of our example below we have set the question to be worth 4 with the penalty for each incorrect response set to 25%.

Quiz_feedback

A student would then see something like the following screens when clicking the Check button.

If first answer incorrect…

Quiz_feedback 

If second answer incorrect…

Quiz_feedback 

If third answer correct…

Quiz_feedback 

Other review options:

You can also activate any of the other Review options as required:

  • Immediately after the attempt means within two minutes of the student clicking Submit all and Finish.
  • Later, while the quiz is still open means after two minutes, but before the close date (if the quiz does not have a close date, this phase never ends).
  • After the quiz is closed means what it says (you never get here for quizzes without a close date).

    Quiz_feedback
    Quiz_feedback

Attention Checking any of the boxes in the Review options section will reveal the quiz to the student. For example, to allow students to see their quiz immediately after taking it but not afterwards, make sure none of the boxes under Later or After are checked. The student will be able to see their grade but not get back into the quiz.

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