Research publications

Research publications

Publications are managed online through the PURE system, which replaced the old IRIS system in 2018. Pure is a component of the Research Hub, which is a set of systems that make up the University's Research Management System (RMS).

Information about the PURE Research Management System can be found on the Research Hub Wiki.

Checking Your Publications in PURE

Your publications can be checked through your profile. Login to with your OneID and Password and navigate to your Research Outputs.

Further information can be found in the user guides on the Research Hub Profile, CV and Publications information webpage.

Data Collection and HERDC

Information on publications are no longer collected as part of the HERDC process, however publications are still categorised according to HERDC requirements. These are:

Publications must meet the “Definition of Research” set by the Department of Training and Education. This is defined in the HERDC Specifications 2016 (and in previous specifications). Broadly, this says:

“Research is defined as the creation of new knowledge and/or the use of existing knowledge in a new and creative way so as to generate new concepts, methodologies and understandings. This could include synthesis and analysis of previous research to the extent that it leads to new and creative outcomes.”

This means that in order to be counted a publication must:

  • contain evidence of substantial scholarly activity
  • be original
  • be verified through peer review or rigorous editing
  • increase the stock of knowledge
  • be in a form which enables the dissemination of knowledge

Articles and conference papers which do not meet this criteria will not be verified with a HERDC category (see below) and will not count toward your Research Active or Research Productive status.

HERDC Categories

These are based on the categories specified in the 2015 HERDC Specifications, which included publications (the more recent specifications do not – please see the Research Measurement page for more information about these changes). All categories must meet the Definition of Research described above.

The main categories for publications are:

A1 – an entire authored book, published by a commercial publisher (includes many university presses but usually not books printed by special-interest hobby-horse organisations). Does NOT include textbooks.

B1 – an authored chapter in an edited work that meets the criteria for A1. Editorial introductions are not included.

C1 – an article in a peer reviewed journal. Must present original research and be published in a scholarly journal. Does NOT include case studies – so unless your paper is specifically a case study, please do not put “case study” in the title of your work. Does not include opinion pieces, unless new research is being presented as well.

E1 – peer reviewed conference paper published in full. This means the conference paper must have been peer reviewed as a full paper (not just the abstract) before acceptance, and there must be evidence available (either a statement in the proceedings, or a reviewer’s note) to prove this is the case.

Other categories common to Science and Engineering include:

E3 – abstracts at peer reviewed conferences (very common in Geology, for example)
C4 – a review or opinion piece in a peer reviewed article.
Q5 – Research Reports prepared for companies or government departments. New research must be presented.


Publications and ERA

ERA is not a count of outputs, it is an assessment of QUALITY. The four major HERDC categories are used to determine the eligibility of a publication for ERA.

ERA assesses publications from a specific set of journals, and the “ERA Journal List” is used – informally – by many universities as an indication of quality. The list of ERA 2015 journals from that list which received submissions from eligible institutions in the ERA 2015 evaluation is now available here.

ERA assesses research in Australian universities by categorising research using the 1297.0 – Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification (ANZSRC), 2008.

You will be asked to check your publications at the beginning of every ERA round.

Copyright, Open Access and ensuring quality in publications

How you choose outlets for your work can have a huge impact on your reputation and your ‘fundability’. But with so many journals and conferences existing solely for the purposes of making money rather than disseminating quality research, it can be difficult to assess whether a potential outlet is going to be of benefit or not.

Beall's List of Predatory Publishers and Journals is no longer available, however you can access Cabells WhiteList Journals and Cabells Blacklist Journals through the Library Catalogue.

The performance of the University in Research Excellence assessments such as ERA rely on you publishing in THE BEST POSSIBLE JOURNALS. Publications in predatory or low-quality journals actually detract from these results and will affect assessments of your track record and impact in your field.


The Commonwealth Copyright Act (1968) defines copyright law in Australia. The Library has a webpage devoted to copyright – what it is, what it applies to and when, and how not to fall foul of it.

Author Identifiers

The Library also has a good summary of the different author identifiers that can be used to uniquely identify you as an author. Macquarie University has recently joined the Australian ORCID consortium, which is an open access author identification system. The Library also gives a description of the Thomson Reuters ResearcherID initiative, and explains what the ScopusID is. It is recommended that all researchers make use of the ORCID, as it will eventually make it much easier for assessors to find and view your work without mixing you up with someone of a similar name.

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